Borehole sparker Pulse is utilized to generate pressure waves in water-filled boreholes while performing the operations via crosshole seismic testing (CST) and vertical seismic profiling (VSP) methods. The operation of the Pulse source is provided by the Jack energy source.
Jack energy source generates a short high-voltage electric pulse of considerable energy, which ensures the formation of ionized high-pressure gas-vapor cavities on the electrode group of the Pulse sparker, placed in a container with salt water. With explosive expansion of the gas-vapor cavity, the pressure in it rapidly decreases, what leads to a precipitate drop in the temperature, vapor condensation and subsequent collapse of the cavity, what does not lead to parasitic pulsations. The design of the source provides easy replacement of wear electrode groups, what also allows to control the signature of the source by installing a group with a different number of electrodes.
The standard diameters of the containers are 36 / 60 / 80 mm, thus allowing operations in wells with diameters starting from 40 mm. It is important to understand that in order to provide a stable pulse of high energy and a significant operational life of the source, a sufficient volume of the container and the number of electrodes greater than 25 are necessary. The operating life of the radiator is 5000–50000 excitations and depends on the number of electrodes and the energy supplied to them.
Pulse sources are shipped on geophysical reels equipped with high-voltage slip rings. Thus, one does not need to disconnect the source from a energy source during operations of winding / unwinding the cable.
- Pulse source
- Power cable
- Reel with high-voltage slip ring
- Wire to connect a reel and a energy source
|Operating voltage||up to 6000 V|
|Operating energy||up to 1500 J (optionally: up to 500 J, up to 2500 J)|
|Well diameters||from 70 mm (optionally: from 40 mm)|
|Diameter||60 mm (optionally: 36 mm, 80 mm)|
|Dimensions on a reel||800 × 700 × 400 mm|
|Weight with a reel and a 100 m cable||appr. 75 kg|
Energi Source Jack
Are designed to provide functioning of sparkers of different types
Geophone Array GStramer
Hydrophone array WellStreamer
Seismograph TELSS-VSP for borehole surveying
ZondST2d — 2D seismotomography interpretation (refracted waves)
ZondST3d — 3D seismotomography interpretation (refracted waves)